EXERCISE: THE HISTORY OF ILLUSTRATION

I had a look at the work of the following historic artists using ‘Pinterest’:

EDWARD BAWDEN:

https://pin.it/3w13RTM

EDWARD ARDIZZONE:

https://pin.it/4zhFDSq

KATHLEEN HALE:

https://pin.it/4mFqxVp

JOHN MINTON:

https://pin.it/7oiuCFO

ERIC RAVILIOUS:

https://pin.it/5e8DC5L

E H SHEPARD:

https://pin.it/6AjxpFQ

After looking at the work of these artists, I decided to focus on the work of Edward Bawden.

Although I looked at his work on Pinterest, I decided to have a look online to see if I could find out more about the artist and his work.

I HAD A LOOK AT THE FOLLOWING PAGES ONLINE:

https://dulwichpicturegallery.org.uk/about/news-blog/2018/july/10-things-you-didnt-know-about-edward-bawden/

https://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/edward-bawden-707

https://www.thegreatcat.org/the-cat-in-art-and-photos-2/cats-in-art-20th-century/edward-bawden-cbe-ra-1903-1989-british/

I then had a look at some of the work of contemporary artists I currently like on PINTEREST & INSTAGRAM:

EMMA GALE:

https://pin.it/3vu4fO6

MOUNI FEDDAG:

https://pin.it/3RG67vM

PALOMA VALVIDIA:

https://pin.it/7kxIG18

SARA FENELLI:

https://pin.it/6PousoT

CAROLYN GAVIN:

https://instagram.com/carolynj?igshid=1jek5x6hvlou1

https://pin.it/34D8oE5

HELEN DARDIK:

https://instagram.com/helen_dardik?igshid=1iibzpfn8f6qu

https://pin.it/2kRNg1d

Out of the contemporary artists I looked at, I decided to focus on the work of Helen Dardik.

Both of the artists which I chose to focus on, have produced a wide variety of work using a lot of different media and styles. I decided to choose a collection of particular illustrations by each artist. When looking at the work of Edward Bawden, I decided to focus on his illustrations of cats, creating an illustration using black pen on paper & filling the spaces with red paint marker. When looking at the work of Helen Dardik, I decided to focus on her illustrations for her published book ‘Garden Party’, which was produced using black markers & selected colours in her sketchbook.

I printed out some illustrations and added it to my sketchbook as inspiration. I created simple illustrations adding words/ phrases which I wrote down while finding out more about these artists’ work. For example: what kind of artwork they created; what kind of tools/ materials they used; where they created their work; how I would describe their work; etc.

Although the 2 artists I chose created work in completely different time periods, they both have a history of travelling/ living in different countries. Even though it was for completely different reasons, I do think ones travelling experiences ends up influencing your art.

Helen Dardik’s illustrations are folksy and playful. She uses a lot of bright & vibrant colours and fun patterns. When looking at Helen Dardik’s work, I can tell that her work could have been influenced by the cultures & art she experienced while living in different countries like Siberia, Ukraine & Israel, until she moved to Canada.

Although Edward Bawden lived in England, he worked as a war artist during the Second World War, travelling to a variety of different countries, like France, Libya, Sudan, Cairo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Palestine, Lebanon, Iraq, Yugoslavia, Rome, Greece, Austria & Florence.

By looking at these artists’ work, I noticed that both of them used art journals/ sketchbooks/ scrapbooks in the process of their creative development. Edward Bawden used scrapbooks and filled them with lots of illustrations, stamps, photographs, cigarette cards, letters, greeting cards, drawings, newspaper cuttings & autographs.

When looking at Helen Dardik’s Instagram page, she posts a lot of pictures of her sketchbook work. Her sketchbook work is very similar to her completed illustrations.

When it came to production, Edward Bawden was so diverse and worked as an illustrator, graphic artist, commercial artist, war artist, water colourist, portraitist and printmaker. He produced prints, book covers, posters, lithographs, linocuts, murals, packaging designs and garden metalwork furniture.

Helen Dardik is a professional illustrator, painter and surface pattern designer. She uses her art & creativity to produce a variety of work, for example: toys; prints; fabric; plates; books & paintings. She uses a variety of material & tools, for example: ink on paper; gouache; watercolours & digital programs.

Both of these 2 artists were very diverse in their use of media and tools, producing a variety of artworks.

RESEARCH – EDWARD BAWDEN:

RESEARCH – HELEN DARDIK:

DID THE WORK OF THE ILLUSTRATOR THAT YOU CHOSE FROM THE LIST SEEM OLD-FASHIONED? IF SO, WHAT WAS IT THAT MADE IT SEEM SO?

Yes, I think the work of Edward Bawden seems old-fashioned, but I am not sure how to explain why. When looking at his cat illustrations/ sketches, his style of drawing seems old fashioned as it kind of looks like old-fashioned cartoon’ish drawings. Compared to commercialised illustrations from today, his work has more old-fashioned colours and drawing styles. But when looking at the work of other artists from that time, his work seems more fun and modern.

WHAT WAS IT ABOUT THE WORK OF THE CONTEMPORARY ARTIST THAT ATTRACTED YOU TO THEIR WORK?

I discovered the work of Helen Dardik on Instagram. I find her illustrations to be charming, magical & dreamy. I love the way she combines bright and vibrant colours & lots of fun patterns to create interesting images. It is playful & fun to look at. When I look at her illustrations, I feel happy.

HOW DID EACH ARTIST PRODUCE ILLUSTRATIONS – WHAT TOOLS & MATERIALS DID THEY USE?

Edward Bawden – illustrator; graphic artist; commercial artist; war artist; water colourist; portraitist & printmaker.

Creating – prints; book covers; posters; lithographs; linocuts; murals; watercolours; packaging designs & garden metalwork furniture.

Helen Dardik – professional illustrator, painter & surface pattern designer.

She uses her art & creativity to produce a variety of work, for example: toys; prints; fabric; plates; books & paintings.

She uses a variety of material & tools, for example: ink on paper; gouache; watercolours & digital programs.

I DREW AN ILLUSTRATION IN THE STYLE OF EACH ARTIST, SELECTING SIMILAR SUBJECT MATTER & USING SIMILAR MEDIA:

For these illustrations, I decided to use the theme of ‘ Happy Birthday!’ for both. I looked at the images from the artists which I used for research, to create new scenario’s to use their characters in.

ILLUSTRATION IN THE STYLE OF THE WORK OF – EDWARD BAWDEN:

ILLUSTRATION IN THE STYLE OF THE WORK OF – HELEN DARDIK:

REFLECTION:

When first reading about this exercise, I wasn’t very excited to start.. but then once I looked at each of the suggested historic artists’ work on Pinterest, I felt inspired to start. I usually try to be more original when working on illustrations, using other artists’ work as inspiration without copying them. For this exercise, it was fun trying to create drawings in each artists’ style, trying to keep it as similar to the artists’ work as possible. It turned out to be quite a fun exercise.

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